A Google search for the expression “Internet of Things” sheds more than 280,000,000 results and, thanks to the means that make the connection between smart home portable devices and the connected car, the Internet of Things has become part of Of popular language. But this is not the whole picture, according to Nick Jones of Gartner, vice president, and accredited analyst, “the Internet of Things requires a wide range of new technologies and knowledge that many organizations still have to master.” He added, “a recurring theme in the Internet of Things is the lack of maturity of technologies and services, as well as the providers that supply them. Design in relation to this lack of maturity and the risk management it creates will be a key challenge for organizations that exploit the Internet of Things. In many technological areas, lack of knowledge will also pose significant challenges. “
In the coming years, the Internet of Things will look very different from the one it presents today. Internet of things is a novel market. New players, with new business models, as well as new approaches and solutions, can appear from nowhere and surpass those already established. But business is the key market. While talking about portable devices and connected homes, the real value and immediate internet market of things are focused on businesses and businesses. Internet adoption of things will look much more like the traditional IT (business-to-consumer) model than the consumer-driven adoption of social media and personal mobility.
The Top 10 Things Internet Trends:
The platform is the key to success. “Things” will increasingly have applications whose cost will be reduced and connectivity will cost cents. It should be remembered that the Internet platforms of things bring together many of the components of infrastructure that offers an Internet system of things in a single product. The services provided by these platforms fall into three main categories:
Device control and low-level operations, such as communications, monitoring and device management, security and firmware upgrades.
Acquisition, transformation, and management of Internet data of things.
Development of Internet applications of things, including event-driven logic, application programming, visualization, analytics and adapters for connecting to enterprise systems.
2. Standards and ecosystems
Gartner said that as Internet devices proliferate, new ecosystems will emerge and “trade and technical battles between ecosystems” will “dominate areas such as smart homes, smart cities, and health. Organizations that create products may have to develop variants to support diverse standards and ecosystems while preparing to upgrade products during their respective life cycles as standards evolve and new standards and related APIs appear, “he says. Gartner. There will be a battle for brand recognition of the Internet applications of things. With billions of projected devices generating petabytes of data, application developers will make their August launching thousands or even millions of compelling new apps. But, similarly to the smartphone world, all these apps will struggle to win consumer favor and only a few will be able to climb the podium to be valued by businesses and consumers.
3. Event Stream Processing
According to Gartner, “some Internet applications of things will generate extremely high volumes of data that must be analyzed in real time. Systems that create tens of thousands of events per second are commonplace, and in certain telecommunications and telemetry situations, millions of events per second can occur. To address these requirements, distributed flow computing platforms (DSCPs) have been created. They often use parallel architectures to process very high-rate data streams for tasks such as real-time analytics and pattern identification. “
4. Operating systems
There is a wide range of systems that have been designed for specific purposes.
5. Processors and architecture
Designing devices with an understanding of device needs will require “deep technical expertise.
6. Low-power wide area networks
Current solutions are patented, but standards will appear and dominate the market. According to Gartner, “traditional mobile networks do not provide a good combination of technical functions and operating costs for those Internet applications of things that need extensive area network coverage combined with relatively low bandwidth, good battery life, a Low cost in terms of operation and hardware, as well as high connection density. The long-term goal of a large area internet network of things is to provide data rates ranging from hundreds of bits per second (bps) to tens of kilobits per second (Kbps) covering the entire country, a battery life Up to 10 years, an endpoint hardware cost of approximately US $ 5 and support for hundreds of thousands of devices connected to a base station or its equivalent. The first low-power wide area networks (LPWANs) were based on patented technologies, but in the long run, emerging standards, such as Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), are likely to dominate this space. “
7. Internet networks of short-range and low-power things
Short-range networks that connect IT devices will be complex. There will not be a single common infrastructure for connecting devices.
8. Device management (things
The Internet objects of things that are not ephemeral – they have come to stay – will require management similar to that required by any other device (firmware updates, software updates, etc.), which poses scale problems.
According to Gartner, the Internet of Things will require a new approach to analytics. “Today we need new analytical tools and algorithms, but when the volume of data increases by 2021, the Internet needs of things may differ even more from traditional analytics,” according to Gartner. The Internet currency of things will be “data.” But this new currency has value only if masses of data can be transformed into knowledge and information capable of becoming concrete actions that will transform business, change people’s lives and produce A social change.
According to Gartner, the threats go far beyond denial-of-sleep attacks: they are attacks that use the malicious code, propagated through the Internet of things, in order to deplete the devices’ batteries by keeping them “awake “. According to Gartner, “Internet of Things presents a wide range of new risks and security challenges with regard to the Internet’s own devices of things, their platforms and operating systems, their communications and even the systems to which they are connected. Security technologies should protect Internet devices and platforms from both information attack and physical manipulation, encrypt their communications, and address new challenges such as spoofing or denial attacks. Sleep to drain the batteries. Internet security of things will be complicated by the fact that many “things” use simple processors and operating systems that may not support overly sophisticated security approaches. “
What will be next?
The market is endless. It is exciting but it is necessary to create quality software and hardware with a sophisticated backend and multiple levels of security, providing order and sophistication to the data and understanding that security is an art that involves the use of cryptographic techniques. Most companies do not have the talent they need to develop safe products.
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